CE Marking of Machines and Plants
What is CE marking?
When a manufacturer achieves a CE marking of a product, the manufacturer declares under his own liability that the product complies with all legal requirements in connection with the CE marking and he guarantees that the said product can be sold throughout the European Economic Area (which comprises the 28 EU member states; the EFTA countries Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein; and Turkey).
This also applies to products which have been produced in third countries and are sold within the EEA and in Turkey.
Does the production plant meet the requirements for CE marking?
Before a machine plant can be commissioned, a CE marking of the machines and the plant must be carried out on the basis of a technical file which is to be prepared by the manufacturer. In addition to drawings, calculations, test results and overviews etc., the technical file must contain a risk assessment and directions for use for the plant.
CE marking of a plant can be a complex affair because the work may comprise older machines without a declaration of conformity, or machine plants into which the end user has wished to integrate his own control concept. Often, delivery of partly completed machinery, i.e. not independently functioning machines, will be included.
The end user is thus to be considered a manufacturer and will then be responsible for compliance with the directives in connection with CE approval.
Requirements for CE Approval
Plants commissioned after 1994 are to meet the requirements in the Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC, Often, production plants are also to comply with one or more of the following directives:
• The ATEX Directives (2014/34/EU design, and 1999/92/EC use in EX areas)
• The Low Voltage Directive and the EMC (electromagnetic compatibility) Directive)
• PED (pressure equipment)
• Others of the more than 20 directives concerning CE marking
Also for machines and machine plants from before 1995, and machines not covered by the Machinery Directive, a safety assessment must be carried out, and an instruction for use must be provided too. This is required according to the statutory order of the Danish Labour Inspectorate on design of technical aids.
Limitation of the CE Marking Project
Process Engineering A/S can help limit the project rationally as regards both mitigating time consumption and simplifying documentation.
Preparing a technical file and carrying out a risk assessment can be done for single machines, machine combinations, production lines, or plant sections.
Simultaneously with the CE marking, the technical documentation for the plant will be gone through.
Process Engineering A/S hold a strong position as regards knowledge about the requirements in the directives and a practical and rational CE marking procedure.
Experience shows that it is essential to prepare the CE marking work during the projecting and purchase phases so that the relevant requirements are made to documentation and marking of individual deliveries from suppliers.
References for CE Marking Tasks
• DuPont (factory plant and water clarification)
• Tulip (production lines)
• Novozymes (silo and BIB plant)
• Shell (CE marking procedure)
• Graintec (CE marking procedure and ATEX)
• Sanovo (CE guidance)